FAQ – We frequently get questions concerning the Eurovision Song Contest. In this new category, we will answer the most frequently asked questions (FAQs). Many people watching Eurovision for the very first time may be surprised to see Israel in the line-up. Why can Israel that is completely in Asia, participate in the Eurovision Song Contest?
The answer is quite simple. There is a reason the Eurovision Song Contest is not the European Song Contest (how some people keep calling the contest mistakingly). The organizer of the Eurovision Song Contest is the European Broadcasting Union that organizes cooperation between all member broadcasters. This network of cooperation (f.ex. to exchange television programs) is called Eurovision.
All countries which are in the European Broadcasting Area, or which are a member of the Council of Europe (in the case of Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia). The European Broadcasting Area is defined by the International Telecommunication Union as such:
The “European Broadcasting Area” is bounded on the west by the western boundary of Region 1, on the east by the meridian 40° East of Greenwich and on the south by the parallel 30° North so as to include the northern part of Saudi Arabia and that part of those countries bordering the Mediterranean within these limits. In addition, Iraq, Jordan and that part of the territory of Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey and Ukraine lying outside the above limits are included in the European Broadcasting Area.
Here is the European Broadcasting Area:
Apart from Israel, all African countries bordering the Mediterranean as well as Jordan and Iraq could join the Eurovision family. Morocco participated one time in 1980.